A motherboard, also known as the mainboard and often called an MB because of its shape (or form factor), is a large circuit board that sits inside your computer case. It connects all essential components such as CPUs, RAM slots for upgrades or expansion cards if you want to play games with multiple graphics profiles; hard drive bays where data storage takes place – everything goes on this device! There’s even power connections so nothing gets lost when someone modifies something without consulting other people first- those ATX rules we talked about earlier come into effect here too. Motherboards can be found in different sizes: mini ITX cases require less space than full tower ones but offer more manageable dimensions nonetheless due to limited height allowance within Internal Geometry Limits

What is BTX?

The Balanced Technology extended form factor of the motherboards was introduced by Intel in 2004. It replaced ATX, and its purpose is to solve major problems that exist with this standard motherboard layout: lack of cooling due to hot components near each other; limited airflow through tightly packed holes which causes overheating

When balance came along, they altered where some chips were placed so it could be better than an old-fashioned small board like we had back when people didn’t know any better about heat management - before you spend all your time fanning yourself out every five seconds because everything’s too warm

What is atx

Advance Technology extended or ATX is the most common form factor of a motherboard in today’s computer world. However, this wasn’t always true! Before 1995 when it became standard for motherboards to come with an ‘AT’ design instead of Advanced Technology (AT), they had different capabilities and needed replacements like what Intel took advantage off too by introducing their new type called “XT”.

The introduction rose as one big change which improved power supply designs; made system boards more powerful through higher speed interfaces such as PCI Express x16 electrical sockets along side AGP video slots; increased storage potentials thanks again larger size hard drives that can now fit within small spaces formerly reserved only.

Main Differences

ATX is the successor of AT design and was initially introduced to replace it, but couldn’t succeed in doing so because there were too many problems with air flow. To solve these issues BTX (the Balanced Technology Extended) solved location changes that increased airflow while also maintaining effective cooling; this made for better overall performance than an ATX board which has IO ports on top near your hands or other components placed close by like GPUs .

The new layout benefits gamers as well since they can maximize their graphics card’s potential without any interference!


ATX and BTX are the two major form factors of a motherboard. ATE is an advanced version that was introduced to replace it in 2004, nearly ten years after its invention with Ate being created as well.

A feature common between both boards but distinctive about btx-boards' cooling capabilities can be seen by looking at how most sockets for pci expansion cards go below ground level making them better suited towards maintaining lower temperatures than their overclocking counterparts on top leading edges where air flows freely without obstruction from other components beneath or around ?“The reason why this design offers superior performance compared against standard x16 slots ? Because all functions necessary - including IO ports/slots memory modules etc.? Are situated under your board instead right next.